Website for Research Projects Involving

Bhikkhu Anālayo and Sāmaṇerī Dhammadinnā

 

 at

Dharma Drum Buddhist College

 

Projects: 

Bhikkhunīs

(Attitudes towards Nuns in Early Buddhist Texts)

 

 Madhyama-āgama

(Translation into English)

 

 Meditation

(Studies of Theoretical and Practical Aspects)

 

 Śamathadeva

 

(English Translation of Sūtra Quotations)

Saṃyukta-āgama

(Translation into English)

Ekottarika-āgama

(Studies on the formation of the collection)

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 The Early Buddhist Order of Nuns

 

The purpose of this project is to study the role of, as well as the attitude towards, nuns in early Buddhist texts.

At present under preparation:

-     an article on the revival of the order of nuns in Sri Lanka.

-     a monograph that will provide annotated translations of the extant eight canonical accounts of the foundation of the order of nuns, so as to make them available to the general public, combined with a comparative study of these accounts, placing them within a wider context of attitudes towards nuns in early Buddhist texts in general.

Time frame:

-     Publication of the article on the revival of the order of nuns is planned for 2013. For the study of the canonical accounts of the foundation of the order of nuns the translations have already been completed and work is in progress.

Publications by Bhikkhu Anālayo relevant to this theme: 

-  "Attitudes Towards Nuns – A Case Study of the Nandakovāda in the Light of its Parallels", (with an appendix by Giuliana Martini) Journal of Buddhist Ethics, 2010, vol. 17 pp. 332-400. 

-  "The Bahudhātuka-sutta and its Parallels on Women’s Inabilities", Journal of Buddhist Ethics, 2009, vol. 16 pp. 137-190. 

-  "Beautiful Eyes Seen with Insight as Bereft of Beauty – Subhā Therī and Her Male Coun­terpart in the Ekottarika-āgama", The Journal for the Sati Center for Buddhist Studies, vol. 2 (forthcoming).

-  "Chos sbyin gyi mdo, Bhikṣuṇī Dharmadinnā Proves Her Wisdom", Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal, 2011, vol. 24 pp. 3-33.

-  "Defying Māra – Bhikkhunīs in the Saṃyukta-āgama", in Women in Early Indian Buddhism: Comparative Textual Studies, A. Collett (ed.), Oxford University Press (forthcoming).

-  "Mahāpajāpatī’s Going Forth in the Madhyama-āgama", Journal of Buddhist Eth ics, 2011, vol. 18 pp. 268-317.

-  "Outstanding Bhikkhunīs in the Ekottarika-āgama", in Women in Early Indian Buddhism: Comparative Textual Studies, A. Collett (ed.), Oxford University Press (forthcoming).

-  "Theories on the Foundation of the Nuns' Order – A Critical Evaluation", Journal of the Centre for Buddhist Studies, Sri Lanka, 2008, vol. 6 pp. 105-142.

-  "Women's Renunciation in Early Buddhism - The Four Assemblies and the Foundation of the Order of Nuns", in Dignity and Discipline, The Evolving Role of Women in Buddhism, Jampa Tsedroen and Thea Mohr (ed.), Boston: Wisdom 2010, pp. 65-97.

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Translation of the Madhyama-āgama

 

The translation of the Madhyama-āgama, to be published as part of the Numata series, began in 2006 under the chief editorship of Marcus Bingenheimer, with Bhikkhu Anālayo and Rod Bucknell as co-editors. By now, the first volume containing translations of chapters 1 to 6 has been completed and should be coming out soon. In the meantime, due to his many other work commitments Marcus Bingenheimer has requested Bhikkhu Anālayo to take over the role of chief editor for the remaining two volumes to be translated. The present plan is to complete volume 2 (chapters 7 to 12) and volume 3 (chapters 13 to 18) by the end of 2014.

In addition to the above project, Bhikkhu Anālayo's collected papers with comparative studies of single Madhyama-āgama discourses has been published as:

-     Madhyama Āgama Studies, Taipei: Dharma Drum Publishing Corporation, 2012 

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 Meditation

 

The practice of meditation is one of the main areas of interest of Bhikkhu Anālayo. Publications in this area began with his phd thesis on satipaṭṭhāna, completed in 2000 and published in 2003, which has by now become a bestseller, with translations into ten other languages being either completed or under way:

 -  Satipaṭṭhāna, the Direct Path to Realization, Birmingham: Windhorse, 2003.   

This has been followed by two monographs, published in 2009 and in 2010, which collect selected entries, originally published in the Encyclopaedia of Buddhism, on topics related to meditation practice.

-  From Craving to Liberation – Excursions into the Thought-world of the Pāli Discourses (1), New York: Buddhist Association of the United States, 2009.  

-  From Grasping to Emptiness – Excursions into the Thought-world of the Pāli Discourses (2), New York: Buddhist Association of the United States, 2010. 

These two monographs have been combined in a single book by Pariyatti in Washington, published 2012 under the title:

- Excursions into the Thought-world of the Pāli Discourses

A follow up monograph on the topic of satipaṭṭhāna is at present under preparation and scheduled for publication in 2013 under the title:

- Satipaṭṭhāna in Comparative Perspective

In addition to these monographs, several articles by ven. Anālayo take up various aspects of meditation practice: 

-  "The Ancient Roots of the U Ba Khin Vipassanā Meditation", Journal of the Centre for Buddhist Studies, Sri Lanka 2006, vol. 4 pp. 259-269. 

-  "The Āneñjasappāya-sutta and its Parallels on Imperturbability and on the Contribution of Insight to the Development of Tranquillity", Buddhist Studies Review, 2009, vol. 26 no. 2 pp. 177-195.

-  "The Development of Insight – A Study of the U Ba Khin Vipassanā Meditation Tradition as Taught by S.N. Goenka in Comparison with Insight Teachings in the Early Discourses", Fuyan Buddhist Studies, 2011, vol. 6 pp 151-174.

- "The Dynamics of Theravāda Insight Meditation", in 佛教禪坐傳統國際學術研討 會論文集, Taiwan: Dharma Drum Academic Publishing (forthcoming).

-  "The First Absorption (Dhyāna) in Early Indian Buddhism – A Study of Source Material from the Madhyama-āgama", in Cultural Histories of Meditation, H. Eifring (ed.), University of Oslo, (forthcoming).

-  "Mindfulness in the Pāli Nikāyas", in Buddhist Thought and Applied Psychological Research, K. Nauriyal (ed.), London: Routledge Curzon, 2006, pp. 229-249.

-  "Mindfulness of Breathing in the Saṃyukta-āgama", Buddhist Studies Review, 2007, vol. 24 no. 2 pp. 137-150.

-  "Sati & Samādhi", in Preserving the Dhamma, Writings in Honor of the Eightieth Birthday of Bhante Henepola Gunaratana Mahā Thera, Y. Rahula (ed.), West Virginia: Bhavana Society, 2007, pp. 89-92.

At present, a study is under preparation of the brahmavihāras and of meditation on emptiness (based on the gradual entry into emptiness described in the Smaller Discourse on Emptiness MN 121), probable title: "Compassion and Emptiness".

 

Sāmaṇerī Dhammadinnā's research focus is on the historical developments of the theory and practice of meditation from the early Buddhist texts to the Mahāyāna and contemporary traditions. She has published the following studies:

- “Mahāmaitrī in a Mahāyāna Sūtra in Khotanese ― Continuity and Innovation in Buddhist Meditation”, Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal / 中華佛學學報 Zhonghua foxue xuebao 2011, vol. 24 pp. 121-193.

- “Transcending the Limiting Power of Karma — Early Buddhist Appamāṇas”, in Buddhist Philosophy & Praxis, Papers Contributed to the 2nd International Association of Buddhist Universities Academic Conference 31 May-2 June, 2012, ed. Dion Peoples, Wangnoi: Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University Press, 2012, pp. 413-437.

- “The Meditative Dynamics of the Early Buddhist Appamāṇas”, Canadian Journal of Buddhist Studies 2011, vol. 7 pp. 137-180.

At present, a number of studies tackling different aspects of the brahmavihāras are under preparation: an article on the development of the notion of 'great compassion' (mahākaruṇā) and its function in the formation of Mahāyāna soteriology and meditation; a survey of the brahmavihāras as taught and re-contextualized in modern meditative traditions; an assessment of the theoretical and methodological premises and results of psychometric and neuroscientific experiments with the brahmavihāras based on a critical survey of relevant scientific literature vis-à-vis the framework found in different Buddhist texts.

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Sūtra-quotations in Śamathadeva's Compendium of Canonical Quotations in the Abhidharmakośabhāṣya

 

Śamathadeva's Chos mngon paʼi mdzod kyi ʼgrel bshad nye bar mkho ba zhes bya ba ("The Essential Companion to the Treasury of the Abhidharma", Derge no. 4094 / Peking no. 5595), is a handbook for the study of the Abhidarmakośa that quotes passages from the Mūlasarvāstivāda canon. Preserved only in Tibetan translation, Śamathadeva's work contains a wealth of early Buddhist discourse material. The project aims at making the discourses quoted in this text available in English translation, accompanied by comparative notes that draw attention to significant differences found in discourse parallels extant in Chinese, Pāli and Sanskrit etc.

The project is undertaken by Sāmaṇerī Dhammadinnā, with the assistance of Bhikkhu Anālayo. Peter Skilling has kindly agreed to act as an academic supervisor for the project. 

Time frame:

The project started in April 2010, when Sāmaṇerī Dhammadinnā (Giuliana Martini) began to work on a preliminary translation of the sūtra quotations during a six months stay in Japan, sponsored by the Bukkyō Dendō Kyōkai (Society for the Promotion of Buddhism) and is at present being continued at DDBC. Translations of parallels to Saṃyukta-āgama discourses will appear in the company of the respective fascicle of the Saṃyukta-āgama in the Dharma Drum Journal of Buddhist Studies starting from 2012 (see below). A monograph with translations of parallels to Madhyama-āgama discourse is at present under preparation.

Relevant publications are:

- Bhikkhu Anālayo, "Chos sbyin gyi mdo, Bhikṣuṇī Dharmadinnā Proves Her Wisdom", Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal, 2011, vol. 24 pp. 3-33.

- Giuliana Martini, “The ‘Discourse on Accumulated Actions’ in Śamathadeva’s Abhidharmakośopāyikā”, The Indian International Journal of Buddhist Studies 2012, vol. 13 pp. 49-79.

- Sāmaṇerī Dhammadinnā, "A Translation of the Sūtra Quotations in Śamathadeva's Abhidharmakośopāyikā-ṭīkā Parallel to the Chinese Saṃyukta-āgama Discourses 8, 9, 11, 12, 17 and 2", Dharma Drum Journal of Buddhist Studies, 2012, vol. 11 pp. 68-100.

From October 2011, with Hung Jenjou ( 振洲) as project co-director, Sāmaṇerī Dhammadinnā is working on a collated digital edition and parallels database of Śamathadeva’s Abhidharmakośopāyikā.

 

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 The Saṃyukta-āgama

-  An Annotated Translation  

 

This project aims at providing an English rendering of the Saṃyukta-āgama (雜阿含經 / Taishō no. 99) that has been preserved in a Chinese translation undertaken 435-436 by Băoyún (寶雲), based on what appears to have been a Sanskrit original of Mūlasarvāstivāda provenance read out by Guṇabhadra. The translation will be accompanied by annotations that take into account significant differences found between Saṃyukta-āgama discourses and their extant parallels in Chinese, Pāli, Sanskrit and Tibetan.

The translation and comparative study will be undertaken by Bhikkhu Anālayo, in cooperation with Shi Kongmu, a monk of American origin, and Ken Su, a private scholar from Taiwan who has for many years been studying and teaching on the Saṃyukta-āgama collection. The translations will appear fascicle by fascicle in the Dharma Drum Journal of Buddhist Studies starting from 2012.

 Translations by Bhikkhu Anālayo of single Saṃyukta-āgama discourses:

-  (SĀ 110) "Saccaka's Challenge – A Study of the Saṃyukta-āgama Parallel to the Cūḷasaccaka-sutta", Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal, 2010, vol. 23 pp. 39-70. 

-  (SĀ 200) "Teaching and Liberation – The Saṃyukta-āgama Parallel to the Rāhulovāda-sutta", in Felicitation Volume for Professor Samtani, ed. L. Shravak, 2011 (forthcoming).

-  (SĀ 276) "Attitudes Towards Nuns – A Case Study of the Nandakovāda in the Light of its Parallels", (with an appendix by Giuliana Martini) Journal of Buddhist Ethics, 2010, vol. 17 pp. 332-400.  

-  (SĀ 344 and SA 389) " Right View and the Scheme of the Four Truths in Early Budhism, The Saṃyukta-āgama Parallel to the Sammādiṭṭhi-sutta and the Simile of the Four Skills of a Physician", Canadian Journal of Bud­dhist Studies, 2011, vol. 7 pp. 11–44.  

-  (SĀ 379) "The Chinese Parallels to the Dhammacakkappavattana-sutta (1)", Journal of the Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies, 2012, vol. 3 (forthcoming).

-  (SĀ 505) "Śakra and the Destruction of Craving – A Case Study in the Role of Śakra in Early Buddhism", Indian International Journal of Buddhist Studies, 2011, vol. 12 pp. 157-176.  

-  (SĀ 506) "Teaching the Abhidharma in the Heaven of the Thirty-three, the Buddha and his Mother", Journal of the Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies, 2012, vol. 2 pp. 9–35.

-  (SĀ 810) "Mindfulness of Breathing in the Saṃyukta-āgama", Buddhist Studies Review, 2007, vol. 24 no. 2 pp. 137-150.

-  (SĀ 1032) "Teachings to Lay Disciples – The Saṃyukta-āgama Parallel to the Anāthapiṇḍikovāda-sutta", Buddhist Studies Review, 2010, vol. 27 no. 1 pp. 3-14.

-  (SĀ 1077) "The Conversion of Aṅgulimāla in the Saṃyukta-āgama", Buddhist Studies Review, 2008, vol. 25 no. 2 pp. 135-148.

-  (SĀ 1198 – SĀ 1207) "Defying Māra – Bhikkhunīs in the Saṃyukta-āgama", (forthcoming).

-  (SĀ 1042) "The Saṃyukta-āgama Parallel to the Sāleyyaka-sutta", Journal of Buddhist Ethics, 2006, vol. 13 pp. 1-22. 

-  (SĀ 1249) "Exemplary Qualities of a Monastic – The Saṃyukta-āgama Counterpart to the Mahāgopālaka-sutta and the Need of Balancing Inner Development with Concern for Others", Sri Lanka International Journal of Buddhist Studies, 2010, vol. 1 pp. 1-22.

-  (SĀ 1265) "Vakkali's Suicide in the Chinese Āgamas", Buddhist Studies Review, 2011, vol. 28 no. 2 pp. 155–170.

-  (SĀ 1266) "Channa's Suicide in the Saṃyukta-āgama", Buddhist Studies Review, 2010, vol. 27 no. 2 pp. 125-137.

 

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 The Ekottarika-āgama

 

Sāmaṇerī Dhammadinnā and Bhikkhu Anālayo are currently editing the proceedings of a workshops on the Chinese Ekottarika-āgama (T 125) held at the Library and Information Center of Dharma Drum Buddhist College in April 2011.

Bhikkhu Anālayo is presently engaged in collaborative research on T 125 based on digital quantitative text analysis and translatorship attribution with Hung Jenjou ( 振洲).

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 Digital Projects

 

From July 2011 Sāmaṇerī Dhammadinnā contributes lexicographic entries to the “Indo-Tibetan Lexical Resource” (ITLR), a digital project developed at the Khyentse Center for Tibetan Buddhist Textual Scholarship (KC-TBTS), Department of Indian and Tibetan Studies, Asia-Africa Institute, University of Hamburg.

From October 2011, with Hung Jenjou ( 振洲) as project co-director, Sāmaṇerī Dhammadinnā is working on a collated digital edition and parallels database of Śamathadeva’s Abhidharmakośopāyikā.

 

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