Dàxǐng 大醒 (1899-1952)
Dàxǐng 大醒 (1899-1952) was one of Tàixū 太虛 main students.
From Jiāngsū 江蘇. At the age of 23 (1922), Dàxǐng graduated from Dōngtái Normal University 東台師範大學. He read Hānshān's 憨山 Mèngyóu jí 夢游集 and Yìnguāng's 印光 bestselling writings and decided to leave home. He ordained under Xiàngzhī 讓之 at Yángzhōu's 揚州 Tiānníng Temple 天寧寺 in 1924. After ordination, he heard Tàixū 太虛 lecture and as a result entered the Wǔchāng Buddhist Seminary 武昌佛學院 during its second term. In the summer of 1925, he went to Lúshān 廬山 to a special camp to study Buddhism and English for propagation purposes, along with Mǎnzhì 滿智 and Huìjué 會覺. In March 1928, Dàxǐng, Zhīfēng 芝峰 and Mǎnzhì were instructed by Tàixū to take over the Mínnán Buddhist Seminary 閩南佛學院 in Xiàmén 廈門. That same year Dàxǐng also started the magazine Xiàndài sēngqié 現代僧伽 (Modern Sangha), which became Xiàndài fójiào 現代佛教 (Modern Buddhism) in 1932.
In 1932, Dàxǐng and Zhīfēng left the Mínnán Buddhist Seminary. The following year, Dàxǐng went to Shàntóu 汕頭 in Northern Guǎngdōng 廣東, where he continued working on Xiàndài fójiào. He also began editing the Hǎicháo yīn 海潮音 the same year. In 1935, he went to Japan to look at the state of Buddhism there, and wrote a record of it when he came back. He then went back to Jiāngsū and started the Juéjīn Buddhist Seminary 覺津佛學院, which also had its own periodical. When the War of Resistance broke out in 1937, Dàxǐng organized and headed a monks’ brigade, which trained to protect Buddhism and the nation, but after the government moved, he stopped and moved to Shànghǎi’s 上海 Jìng'ān Temple 靜安寺.
At the end of the war, Dàxǐng became head secretary of the new Chinese Buddhist Association 中國佛教會. In summer of 1946 he succeeded Tàixū to become abbot of Zhèjiāng’s 浙江 Xuědòu Temple 雪竇寺. At the beginning of 1949 he moved to Táiwān, bringing the Hǎicháo yīn with him. In Táiwān, he lived at Taipei’s 台北 Shàndǎo Temple 善導寺, but high blood pressure forced him to move to Hsin-chu 新竹 in 1950. After a year he moved back. In March of 1952 he had a stroke that paralyzed half his body, and he died on December 13th.