Chongqing 重慶

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Chóngqìng 重慶

Other names include: Yúzhōu 渝州; Gōngzhōu 恭州; Yú 渝 (Abbreviation, used since 1997); Chungking (historical romanization)

Chongqing in 1945
Nearby Locations:
West China Region
Geography Portal

Chóngqìng 重慶 was the first inland port opened to foreigners, and was an important strategical location during the Second Sino-Japanese War, when it served as the wartime capital of the Nationalist government. Formerly part of Sìchuān 四川 province, from 1929 to 1954 it was a separate municipality, a status that it has regained since 1997.

Important Buddhist Sites

  • Luohan Temple 羅漢寺 was built here in the 11th century
  • The Sino-Tibetan Institute 漢藏教理院 was established here in 1932
  • Hǎicháo yīn 海潮音 was published here for a time during the Second Sino-Japanese War
  • The Dazu rock carvings 大足石刻 are located about 110 km west of the city

Other Notes

References and Resources

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